This year it seems to me that autumn has been slipping through my fingers mercilessly. There is always so much to do and leaves have been changing their colours and falling to the ground far too quickly. In a desperate effort to catch a few moments I took my camera when we went shopping a few days ago and made a short stop in a near village called Dolní Lukavice where there is a rather run-down castle surrounded by quite a large park. I've never been there so this has been the first time. The sky was overcast but here and there a few rays shined and lit the scene.
The castle was built in 1708 by count Morzin who was interested in music and so it happened that in the period of 1758 to 1760 Joseph Haydn worked as a bandmaster in the castle's orchestra. It is said that he composed his first symphony there. In memory of his stay, Haydn's musical festival has been held every year since 1993. Festival venues are represented by several castles and churches in the area.
The castle was bought before the WWII by the then Czech ambassador in the USA, but after the war, the castle was confiscated and served as a psychiatric hospital. Descendants of the last owner who live in France nowadays got the castle back in 2000, thanks to property restitution. They've invested some money and energy into the castle and other local restituted property, the question is whether they will be able to save and use it. Can't be easy to achieve that nowadays.
There is a nice park behind the castle and it was pleasure to walk there. The castle isn't open to the public but the park is accessible freely.
From what I read, the park must have been beautiful in the days of castle's glory.
I was surprised to find even a pond there and swans swimming gracefully in its water.
We stayed about an hour there and I felt enriched. Eventually we made one more stop by a barn I noticed along the way and hurried to do the shopping we went for.
It feels like the moments were somewhat stolen from all that hustle and bustle I've been surrounded with lately but it was good to stop for the moment and draw breath. To be impressed, we don't need just the generally marvellous and stunning...
During our summer vacation in Moravia we made many plans and visited many places but the church I'm going to show you today wasn't on any of our itineraries. We were just passing it during one of our trips and because it attracted our attention, we made a short stop by it when going back, to take a closer look. And a few photos of course. Unfortunately the sharp evening sun and fading light made it quite difficult to take a decent photo against the sky but you can at least imagine what the building looks like.
There were so many interesting details and if it wasn't that late we would have spent much more time discovering and enjoying them.
The church is a Roman-catholic church of the Visitation of Virgin Mary situated in the town Břeclav and its part Poštorná. It was consecrated in July 1898.
It was built in the neo-Gothic style by a Viennese company. About two hundred types of bricks, special shaped bricks, tiles and glazed ceramic covering materials supplied by a local ceramics factory were used for the building.
I'd like to invite you to come and read my new post at the Vision and Verb blog, a post which is sort of a poem, sort of a reflection. I know that it may sound cheeky to use that poetical way when I'm no poet, let alone in English when it's not my native language, but I chose it as my best way for expressing what I was feeling deep inside. Hopefully you'll forgive me all the imperfection. You can find it here:
Kuželov is a village with just about four hundred inhabitants but it is worth visiting. On a hill above the village you can see and visit an original windmill of a Dutch type, the only windmill of this type in the whole Moravia nowadays.
The windmill was built in 1842 at the expense of the village. 300 horse loads of stones were used for the building and I wonder, how many kilograms that could be? I haven't found any conversion formula... :)
- width of 8,6 metres at the base, height of about 10 metres, diameter of the wind wheel 15,6 metres -
In 1904 the windmill was bought by Mr Kašík who took out a loan for the purchase. His earnings from the mill operation were small and only in good years they were just enough for the living of his family. In comparison with watermills, output of such a windmill was five times lower so millers in watermills used to be much wealthier than millers in windmills. There were not many water flows in the area but there was abundance of stable, regular and strong enough wind so the windmill was useful and served to many people for almost a hundred years.
- flour sifters in the basement -
The roof is pivoted so that the blades could always be positioned against wind and the milling was continuous. That is why there are two doors in the basement because it might happen that one door would be blocked by turning blades.
The miller and his family were staying in the basement of the mill until 1906 when his son who went to America sent them some money and they could afford to build a housing building next to the mill. When the son returned home in 1920, a shed and barn were added. It must have been difficult to live just inside the mill, with all the noise and flour dust, so living in the house meant a major change.
- a housing and agricultural building next to the mill -
The blades turn counter-clockwise when you face them and we were told about two positions expressing what was going on. The "plus" position, meaning that the mill is in operation and people can come to have their grain milled, and the "x" position which you can see here, meaning that the windmill is temporarily out of operation.
In WWII, milling in windmills was forbidden and the mill was put out of operation permanently. When the war finished, the miller tried to start the milling again but in just a year he gave it up and the mill started to fall into disrepair. Fortunately in 1973 the mill was bought by a Technical Museum in Brno that had it carefully repaired and restored and made it fully operational again.
- an old weaving loom in the exhibition of the local lifestyle -
Nowadays it serves as a museum, along with the house where you can see an exposition of working tools and agricultural implements as well as some furniture and household items showing how people lived there.
- a spinning wheel in the exhibition of the local lifestyle -
In 2010 the windmill became a national cultural monument. An interesting piece of history, isn't it?